The technology for these turbines is still in early development, and this large-scale commercial project would need to overcome economic challenges and political opposition. The report found that current commercial wind turbines reach a maximum water depth of 40-50 meters. These deep-sea turbines would need to extend past 50 meters. If these challenges can be met, the EWEA predicts that the first deep-sea wind farms could be installed by 2017, and wind could make up a large portion of the European Union's energy.
Deep-sea turbines are shown to provide clean, efficient energy and with the European Union's access to multiple water sources, including the Atlantic Ocean and the North and Baltic Seas, these offshore wind turbines have the potential to power the entire European Union with clean, renewable energy--eliminating the need for nuclear power or coal.
Despite the possibilities that these wind turbines offer, the proposal faces much opposition. The United Kingdom, for example, believes that the European Union should allow each country to decide their green energy goals. The EWEA, however, recommends to act sooner in order to meet 2030 energy goals: "A clear and stable legislative framework post 2020 based on a binding 2030 renewable energy target is needed to drive deep offshore wind development and deployment."
To read the full report from the European Wind and Energy Association, click here.
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